In 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human to set foot on the moon. It was an incredible technological and scientific achievement for the human race, and the 11 other men who followed in his footsteps are still the only humans to ever set foot somewhere other than Earth. Conspiracy researchers David S. Percy and Mary D. M. Bennett, authors of “Dark Moon: Apollo and the Whistle-blowers”, question whether NASA’s Apollo record ever really happened and argue that astronaut Neil Armstrong “may not have walked on the Moon”.
They outrageously suggest that Apollo images released by NASA have been “tampered with” and use scientific methodology to show that NASA’s photographic material is “full of anomalies and inconsistencies”.
Mr Percy and Ms Bennett claim their research suggests the images were both “faked and at the same time skilfully encoded with deliberate mistakes”.
Throughout aviation history and space exploration, the lasting record of these achievements has been preserved as photographic images and film.
The authors claim in the 1999 book that they were “waking up to the probability that NASA’s photographic record of the Apollo programme has been modified”.
In 1996, the two researchers interviewed Douglas Arnold, who was working with Kodak at the time of the Apollo mission.
Mr Arnold claimed Neil Armstrong told him that it was “his idea that the spacesuits had a bracket for the cameras, instead of holding them in their gloved hands”.
Mr Arnold said: “That sequence of photos taken by him with that one camera has never been bettered, in my opinion.
“Almost every one of those Armstrong images appeared to be splendidly composed.”
Mr Arnold compares Neil Armstrong’s photograph of astronaut Buzz Aldrin where the latter paused in a small crater on the Moon, while Mr Armstrong snapped the picture from his chest-mounted Hasselblad camera.
“It’s a marvellous picture”, the Kodak expert said.
Mr Arnold suggested that “when the camera was eventually used on the lunar surface, the astronauts were obliged to guess where the lens was pointing”.
Buzz Aldrin revealed in his 2016 book “No Dream Is Too High: Life Lessons From a Man Who Walked on the Moon” that many people assume this famous photo was posed because it manages to capture both moonwalkers and the lander.
He said: “It wasn’t staged. It was just a lucky shot.”
Mr Aldrin was “simply walking across the lunar surface and Armstrong snapped a photo at just the right moment”.
He added: “There are just three words that sum up why this photo is so incredible: ‘Location, location, location.’”