Humans

We Need to Treat Human Noise as a Global Pollutant, New Study Says

Products You May Like


It is well known that human hubbub can have a negative impact on some animals, but a new study Wednesday says the noise we make should be treated as a “major global pollutant”.

 

“We found that noise affects many species of amphibians, arthropods, birds, fish, mammals, molluscs and reptilians,” scientists at Queen’s University Belfast said in the Royal Society’s Biology Letters.

Human noise pervades the environment, from vehicles and industry in dense urban centres, to planes flying overhead, to ocean going vessels whose propellors are thought to interfere with whale sonar communications and may be implicated in mass beaching as the disorientated animals lose their sense of direction.

Reviewing a series of individual studies in what is known as a meta-analysis, Hansjoerg Kunc and Rouven Schmidt said the issue should be seen as the “majority of species responding to noise rather than a few species being particularly sensitive to noise.”

“The interesting finding is that the species included range from little insects to large marine mammals such as whales,” he Kunc told AFP.

“We did not expect to find a response to noise across all animal species.”

The paper said that an animal’s response to the clatter of human activity is not necessarily straightforward, and cannot be easily termed as positive or negative.

 

Humanmade noise, for example, has been shown to interfere with the sonar detection systems that bats use to find their insect prey, making it more difficult for the flying mammals to catch insects.

But that may be good news for the bugs: “Potential prey may benefit directly from anthropogenic noise,” the paper said.

Kunc cautioned, however, that the big picture is still one of serious disruption across the natural environment.

“In the bat example, the predator might suffer because they cannot locate their prey… but in species where potential prey rely on sound to detect predators, the prey might suffer because they might not be able to hear them early enough to escape.”

Human sound pollution and the animal response to it must be seen in the context of an ecosystem, especially when considering conservation efforts, the authors note.

“Noise must be considered as a serious form of environmental change and pollution as it affects both aquatic and terrestrial species,” they said.

“Our analyses provide the quantitative evidence necessary for legislative bodies to regulate this environmental stressor more effectively.”

© Agence France-Presse

 



Source link

Products You May Like

Articles You May Like

The Science Behind Why You Sprain Your Ankle So Often, And What You Can Do About It : ScienceAlert
10 Days After Its Launch, Orion Has Successfully Entered Lunar Orbit : ScienceAlert
A Tobacco Plant Has Been Engineered to Produce Cocaine in Its Leaves : ScienceAlert
The FDA Just Approved The Most Expensive Drug in The World : ScienceAlert
Octopus Brains Evolved to Share a Surprising Trait in With Our Brains : ScienceAlert

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *