Free access to science articles of relevance to the eruption of the Kilauea volcano, Hawaii


Here some science articles if you want to better understand some aspects of the current Kilauea volcanic eruption:

Lava fountain 300 m 1,000 ft) high plays from Mauna Ulu vent area, 1510 December 30, 1969. Lava flows fed by the fountain cascade into ‘Ālo‘i Crater, 600 m (2,000 ft) from the vent. The flow into ‘Ālo‘i was more vigorous before a dam near the vent diverted most of the lava southward (toward right). The fountain was the widest of the eruption and, as the color pattern shows, appears to fan outward from the vent. This was the last major fountain during the eruption. A couple of hours after the photo was taken, the wind shifted, and the black Ford station wagon, still parked in the same place, was pelted with falling pumice and needed, though never received, a new paint job. (USGS)

1. Volcanic geology and eruption frequency, lower east rift zone of Kilauea volcano, Hawaii (Richard B. Moore)

science 1

kilauea eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, Kilauea 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption pictures, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption usgs
Kilauea E. Rift: Mauna Ulu fountain and flows. 25(19) View from Pu‘u Huluhulu of renewed shield growth, January 30, 1974.
Low fountains and repeated overflows at the Mauna Ulu crater build the shield higher. Lava flows were mostly brief and short, thereby increasing the relief between the top of the shield and its base. The perched lava pond shown in the previous photo is bypassed by the two rivers. (USGS)

2. Origin of differentiated lavas at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii: Implications from the 1955 eruption (Ritchie A. Ho, Michael O. Garcia)

science 2

kilauea eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, Kilauea 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption pictures, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption usgs
Lava fountains at Mauna Ulu, viewed from Pu’ Huluhulu. | Location: Kilauea East Rift, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii, USA. (Photo by © CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images)

3. Petrologic constraints on rift-zone processes – Results from episode 1 of the Puu Oo eruption of Kilauea volcano, Hawaii (M.O. Garcia, R.A. HoJ, M. Rhodes, E.W. Wolfe)

science 3

kilauea eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, Kilauea 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption pictures, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption usgs
The Alo’i cascade, produced by lava from the Mauna Ulu vent. (Photo by © CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images)

4. Differentiation and magma mixing on Kilauea’s east rift zone: a further look at the eruptions of 1955 and 1960. Part II. The 1960 lavas (T. L. Wright, R. T. Helz)

science 4

kilauea eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, Kilauea 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption pictures, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption usgs
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. 1969-1971 Mauna Ulu eruption of Kilauea Volcano. Dome fountain near Aloi Crater. Photo by D.A. Swanson, January 29, 1971. (USGS)

5. The 1959 and 1960 eruptions of Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, and the construction of walls to restrict the spread of the lava flows (Gordon A. Macdonald)

science 5

kilauea eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, Kilauea 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption pictures, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption usgs
Orange lava from the Mauna Ulu vent produces the Alo’i Cascade. (Photo by © CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images)

6. Kīlauea summit overflows: their ages and distribution in the Puna District, Hawai’i (David A. Clague, Jonathan T. Hagstrum, Duane E. Champion, Melvin H. Beeson)

science 6

kilauea eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, Kilauea 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption pictures, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption usgs
Lava cascades over a cliff at ‘Alae Crater in Hawaii. Fountains of lava tower behind the cliffs. (Photo by © CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images)

7. Volume of magma accumulation or withdrawal estimated from surface uplift or subsidence, with application to the 1960 collapse of Kilauea volcano (P.T. Delaney, D.F. McTigue)

science 7

kilauea eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, Kilauea 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption pictures, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption usgs
Dome fountain of episode 10, October 10–13, 1969. Photo taken on October 11. This dome fountain is about 20 m (65 ft) high. Symmetrical dome fountains such as this are rare. (USGS)

8. Phreatomagmatic and phreatic fall and surge deposits from explosions at Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, 1790 a.d.: Keanakakoi Ash Member (Jocelyn McPhie et al)

science 8

kilauea eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, Kilauea 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption pictures, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption usgs
Kilauea E. rift: Mauna Ulu, Lava fall into Alae from SW corner of crater. Lava falls higher than American Falls at Niagara begin to fill ‘Alae Crater on August 5, 1969 following the catastrophic draining on August 4. Renewed fountaining at Mauna Ulu sent lava shown in the photo into ‘Alae, starting to refill the crater. Photo taken from same location as the preceding image. The mezzanine is the lower level, and lava plunges off it into the deeper pit. The total height of the lava falls is more than 100 m (330 ft), and the width more than 300 m (1000 ft). For the two seasoned observers who witnessed this awe-inspiring event, nothing else matched it during the entire Mauna Ulu eruption. (USGS)

9. Mechanism of explosive eruptions of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii (John J. Dvorak)

science 9

kilauea eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, Kilauea 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption pictures, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption usgs
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. 1969-1971 Mauna Ulu eruption of Kilauea Volcano. Coconut grove near Kahue Point after being surrounded by lava. Photo by D.W. Peterson, @1:35 p.m., September 21, 1970. (USGS)

10. Time-lapse camera observations of gas piston activity at Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō, Kīlauea volcano, Hawai‘i (Tim R. Orr, James C. Rea)

science 10

kilauea eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, Kilauea 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption pictures, 1969-1974 Mauna Ulu Eruption usgs
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. 1969-1971 Mauna Ulu eruption of Kilauea Volcano. Slump at the edge of Alae Crater on Chain of Craters road. Photo by D.A. Swanson, June 29, 1969. (USGS)

I think this is a really neat source of knowledge on the ongoing Kilauea eruption. Enjoy!

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